LONDON, United Kingdom – Coding is quickly becoming an essential skill in today’s modern world. You don’t have to work as a programmer to find coding useful as a skill. The different aspects of coding – including the logical thinking, problem-solving, and structured analysis – are skills that will help you perform well in other fields as well.

Still, learning a programming language or a framework is a great way to give your career in IT a push. If you are thinking about making a pivot to programming, or you want to give your current IT career a boost in 2020, here are the top programming frameworks and languages to master today.


As a database framework, SQL remains very popular among developers. It is as robust as it can be now that Microsoft has added a few new tricks up the SQL’s sleeve. With data becoming an important aspect of operations in various businesses, mastering Microsoft SQL is also a great way to improve your value in fields other than programming.

There are a lot of business-centric SQL training programs too. You don’t necessarily have to take an SQL programming course to learn more about this database framework. There are courses on business intelligence, data analysis, and data integration, all based on the Microsoft SQL as the primary programming framework.


Python – or Py in short – is more popular than ever. It is the only programming language that has been gaining in popularity over the past 5 years. While Python was seen as a minor programming language at one point, it is now the most prominent language used in a wide range of applications.

There is another reason why learning Python is highly recommended – that reason is the increasing popularity of artificial intelligence. Many AI applications are built using Python as the primary programming language. Yes, other languages are used as well, but Python sits at the core of many AI-based applications that relate well to businesses. In fact, Python has been dubbed the most flexible general-purpose programming language.


For those who want to pursue a corporate career, Java is a programming language worth considering. A lot of programmers maintain a love and hate relationship with Java, but it is difficult to deny the fact that Java is used in many enterprise solutions. Java is also supported by a huge community of developers and frameworks.

Java is also very popular thanks to mobile app development. We all know that Android apps are almost exclusively built using Java. Google is pushing for Kotlin as a new programming language for Android, but it will be a while before the new language could replace Java. The fact that Java is now developed by Oracle makes this programming language even more interesting.


People without coding experience often mistook Java for JavaScript. The two may be similar in different ways, but they are far from being the same programming language. While Java is used more in mobile app and enterprise solution developments, JavaScript is used more for developing web apps and services.

JavaScript is now making a strong comeback thanks to frameworks like node.js. Supporting frameworks like React are also empowering JavaScript, making it one of the most versatile programming languages on the market. Mastering additional elements like CSS and HTML5 will make you a superb front-end engineer.


Another programming language that is often seen as outdated – despite being very robust – is PHP. More and more people are switching to Python and JavaScript as a replacement for PHP, but this programming language isn’t going to be completely replaced anytime soon. A lot of web apps still rely on PHP for their logics and functions.

The latest versions of PHP, 7.2. and 7.3, introduce new features that make the language appealing again. PHP is also one of the easiest programming languages to master thanks to its logical structure and the nature of its language. Frameworks like CodeIgniter and popular web apps – including WordPress – also rely on PHP as the primary programming language.


Go is one of the youngest programming languages on this list. Go, or Golang, was introduced just a few years ago as an answer to the fragmented nature of programming languages. It was developed by Google to make programming not only more capable, but also more accessible. In fact, Go combines the strong suits of different programming languages at its core.

Similar to Python, Go is used frequently in the development of artificial intelligence. The wholehearted support from Google makes Go’s future incredibly bright. Many of Google’s latest projects use Go natively, so there is value in mastering this programming language for developing solutions that take advantage of Google’s native services.


While Go is Google’s answer to fragmentation, Swift is Apple’s take on developing a programming language. It is meant to replace Objective-C; since it was launched, Swift is the primary programming language for Apple applications and solutions. Apple also supports Swift and offer developers a lot of incentives for utilizing the programming language.

Swift is exclusive to Apple’s ecosystem, but that doesn’t mean the programming language is less valuable. In fact, Apple is working hard to make Swift more accessible, introducing apps that help anyone, including children, learn the programming language in a simpler way. Being Apple-native, Swift is famous for its performance and efficiency.


Continuing the list of programming languages backed by a large tech company, we have TypeScript. Yes, it is the programming language developed by Microsoft for complex computations and advanced app developments. TypeScript has two main advantages built into it: scalability and security. Microsoft creates a unique language that ensures maximum security through code standardization.

TypeScript’s immense scalability comes from its use of components. Components already created can be added to a dedicated toolbox and reused. The programming language also leverages object-oriented programming and error handling to make TypeScript easier to master. Expect to see more TypeScript apps in 2020.


We really cannot talk about great programming languages to master without talking about C/C++. It is one of the oldest, most established programming languages on the market, but it is still one of the most popular according to recent studies. C/C++ is still used by legacy software as well as proprietary hardware, which is why it is still a very popular option today.

IBM’s Power9 servers, for example, utilize a proprietary programming language that is very similar to C++. The same is true with automation machines, robotics, and legacy hardware being used in various industries. Libraries and frameworks based on C/C++ are still being maintained even today, and there is a huge community of developers who are passionate about using this language.

Getting Started

There are a lot of other programming languages and frameworks to master. Oracle, .NET, R, and many others are just as interesting to explore. Even database frameworks like MySQL are useful in both development projects and business applications.

Choosing the right language to master is a matter of personal preference. You cannot go wrong with any of the languages we covered in this article. Think about how you can apply the programming language – and the logic behind it – to find the perfect one to master.

The more important thing is getting started. If you are serious about giving your career a push in 2020, the best time to start learning a programming language is right now. Find a suitable course and start your adventure.

 This paid content article was written by Rosana Beechum, Digital Marketing Consultant. Email: r[email protected]